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CURRICULUM

      IMPORTANCE OF MONTESSORI EDUCATION


      No doubt, Modern education needs a holistic approach in teaching. During the pre-independence years of India 1937-41, a school teacher has inspired a little boy in Rameswaram to reach for the stars. When he taught his class how the birds fly, he took his students to the ocean to make them observe the seagull.

      Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam, doyen of Indian Science, who has been the guiding light of the country’s space program has reinvented a role for himself. Today, he has taken up the cause of inspiring the youth to pursue a career in science, and travels extensively to far-flung corners of the country, especially the under developed regions, to meet children, interact with them and share their dreams. No, wonder this village boy is now elevated to the highest post of the President of India.

      According to Dr. Abdul Kalam, the first Scientist of this planet is none other than a child, the teacher role is very noble and his work should not end in the class room, but should extend to that of a mentor, guide and philosopher to his wards. The teacher must love his profession, inculcate values, as sense of dedication in his wards and inspire them. According to Swami Suddhananda that a child must receive the knowledge of the self before his mind is conditioned hardened by various faiths orlimited ideas. These ideas of Dr. Abdul Kalam and Swami Suddhananda are more or less similar to the principles of Dr. Maria Montessori.

      Formal education should be important with the holistic perspective of gaining knowledge of the world and of the individual. The schools are located in the rural areas and the majority of the students are first generation learners.

      According to Swami Suddhananda, true education is that which liberates (Sa Vidya Ya Vimuktaye). “Liberation presupposes bondage” and in most people even this awareness is not there. Self awareness is possible only in human beings, and knowledge and education are the sources of making one self-conscious. The sociological definition of education is ‘that which rescues the individual from the mass of collectivity and gives him an identity; contributes to the development of ego and conflict. Formal education creates roles for the individual without developing his personality.

      There are many theories of education. Everybody talks about educational pattern, curriculum, syllabus and everyday we also see new theories of education are enunciated by different educationists.

      Indeed, Education is the foundation, superstructure and the glittering power of progress and prosperity of mankind. Education enriches and enables the mind and purifies the heart and leads to the perfection of soul is the Mother of joy; it is an ever-enduring wealth; it plays the main role in Man’s life from cradle to grave. If we want to have a prospectus, peaceful society, we should have good education, for which the foundation should be laid at the earliest childhood of humanity. The peace of the world starts from the cradle of the child at homes. Of all the systems of education, particularly for children, the most popular and the best-suited educational system is Dr. Maria Montessori’s system of Education.

      The Montessori System is very popular in North America, Canada, Western Europe and in other advanced countries of the world. Though similar type of Montessori system exists in different forms in India, the real Montessori system has not become popular in India, though Dr. Maria Montessori studied and developed her educational system practically in India and wrote many of theories in the form of books when she was in India during the second world war.

      Dr. Maria Motnessori’s books deal with both fundamental principles and special aspects of her work. This covers a field much faster than that of child education and is no longer a matter of concern for teachers and parents only, but raises a question concerning mankind as a whole. It is based on a series of genuine discoveries. When she started her work in the field of education and child psychology, (she had already gained European reknown as the first woman to obtain a Doctor’s degree in medicine and surgery in her country Italy).

      Her scientific training and experience were, therefore, exceptionally broad-based and remains, even today, quite unique among educationists. The Montessori method itself covers the whole development of man from birth to adulthood. Its application among all social classes, cultures and creeds on all the five continents, most of which Dr. Montessori visited, provided her with a uniquely vast field of experimentation and with confirmation of the validity of her discoveries. The Director General of UNESCO could therefore, declare that it had and still has fundamental influences on all modern method of education directly as well as indirectly.

      The work has grown steadily in all its branches. Dr.Montessori’s work has gradually assumed the dimensions of a social movement based on the child as a personality of immense value from social and human upliftment.

      Especially in our times, its most important contribution, is perhaps, that it focuses attention of the fact that no attempt to solve social and moral problems will succeed if it concentrates only on man-the-adult and his activities and not on the whole man and it is the young child who determines man’s future as an adult member of society. How he does so, how he can be helped to do so and what are the consequences of negligence or misguidance during this decisive period of human life ?

      Peace is the vital question for the world today. Dr.Montessori has shown the great role of the child as the builder of inner foundation of which alone, peace can be built.
 
 

SYLLABUS
Diploma Course
      1. Early Childhood
      2. Child Psychology
      3. Language and Communication
      4. School Administration
      5. Method of Education
      6. Creativity and Craft
      7. Nutrition
      8. Computer
      9. Personality Development

Advanced Diploma
Main Subjects (Compulsory) :
      1. Advanced method in Montessori System Part I
      2. Advanced method in Montessori System Part II and its application Book II
      3. Practical activities with demonstration skill
      4. Individual Demonstration

Optional Subjects (any 2) :
      1. Pre-Natal and Post-Natal Care
      2. A Comparative Study of Montessori system, with Kindergarten, Nursery (Modern) Traditional
          Methods
      3. A critical approach of Maria Monterssori system in the 21st century (OR)
      4. New approach of Montessori system with reference to modern science and technology.
      5. Environment
      6. Economics

Eligibility :
      1. Candidates should have passed Matriculation.SSLC and should be 16 years of age.
      2. Advanced Diploma - Graduates or Mont. Diploma Holders
      3. Post Graduate Diploma and Trainers Course - Post Graduates (Teaching experience preferred)

Courses :
      1. Certificate Course - 3 months
      2. Diploma Course - 6 months
      3. Advanced Diploma - one year
      4. Post Graduate & Trainers Course

 
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